Both sides of the impressive Danube welcome the region’s many visitors with hiking trails, boat tours, medieval towns, and stunning panoramas, all of which offer a glimpse into the longest winegrowing tradition in Austria.
Today, visitors have the opportunity to taste over 100 different wines from unique vineyards within this 15-kilometer-long region. The geographical features of the region (gneiss, schist, loess, sand, marble, and volcanic rock) are affected by a variety of weather and environmental conditions. The warm winds of the Pannonian east and the cool winds of the Waldviertel north combine over the Danube to create a moderating effect for our vineyards.
The most abundant grape of the Wachau is the Grüner Veltliner, which is produced in an impressive range of styles. Next is the Riesling, one of the most well known white grape varieties in the world, which is also able to reach its full potential in this region.
Within the mere 15 kilometers of the Wachau region, there is an amazing variety of soil composition and bedrock. In combination with other factors, the subsoil contributes decisively to the character of a wine. Unlike the weather and condition of an individual vine, the geology of a vineyard is always stable. A thorough understanding of the conditions beneath the earth is crucial to the production of our wines.
The eastern Wachau, where our vineyards are located, is based predominantly on different types of gneiss. Loess, amphibolite, and sediments from the Danube also play important roles, and the interaction of these influences is highly complex. Therefore, our goal is to guarantee our soils a lively environment as much as possible and to reflect this vitality and complexity in our wines.
Some of the greatest white wines are found along riversides. The best Riesling vineyards in Germany are located on the Mosel, the Nahe, and the Rhine rivers. In France, the most notable wines are produced on the Loire and the Saône. It is therefore hardly surprising that the Danube also exerts its influence on the vines of the Wachau. It has a climate-regulating effect, absorbing warmth during the day and emitting it at night, forming a clearing for winds. Our vineyards are located in the eastern part of the Wachau, the furthest point within the Pannonian climate’s sphere of influence. The effect of macroclimates becomes clear when taking a closer look at the individual conditions of each vineyard.
Though our easternmost vineyards of Steinertal appear to have the warmest conditions, they are penetrated by cold air masses moving north through the valleys. Loibenberg is traversed by ditches and protected by forests, which counter the prevailing warmth. Varied topography, such as small peaks and sometimes considerable differences in altitude, influence the growth of the vines and the ripening time of the grapes, resulting in surprisingly heterogeneous wines.